Copaxone changes

Thanks to a comment from HoneysuckleB on a recent post, I rang my MS nursing team at big-city hospital to find out if I could switch from the daily Copaxone injections to the three-times-a-week version.

The reasoning behind this is a fairly straightforward one: rather pathetically, I’m dependent on my Outlook calendar at work to remind me to inject.

It actually has a dual purpose. I currently leave work at 3pm, so I set the reminder for then just so I know it’s time to go home. I’ll then ‘snooze’ this reminder for an hour or two after I’ve left the office. When it pings up at the start of the next day, I’ll pop the injection while I’m waiting for the day to start and the kettle to boil.

It’s a seemingly faultless system. It falls down, of course, on the days I’m not at work.

I don’t know how crap my memory is. I like to think I’m still OK but surely it says something when you can take an injection every day at the same time for five days of the week and then completely forget about it for the other two.

And let’s not forget that when I cook at home, make a cup of tea or want to put some marge on my toast in the morning, I have to move that box of Copaxone to one side to reach various items in the fridge.

It couldn’t be more in-my-face, but I still forget to take it.

Anyway, the MS nurses said yes, no problem, and they’re altering my prescription accordingly.

If I were to faultlessly take my medication, the daily shots should deliver 140mg of medication into my system. The three-times-a-week shots will deliver 120mg (with no loss of effectiveness).

I knew the new dosage has been available in the States for a while, but hadn’t realised it had come over here until HoneysuckleB’s comment, so thank you HoneysuckleB!

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The brutal brilliance of bladder Botox

I’m away on holiday for a couple of weeks soon and this means taking two boxes of urinary catheters plus an extra box just to cover all eventualities. And that’ll take up a considerable amount of space in the case.

Recent experience bears me out. A couple of years ago, we spent four weeks travelling round Australia. This was an unforgettable experience that involved everything from snorkeling on the barrier reef to cuddling baby kangaroos. The whole holiday was marred only by a kidney infection in the outback (treated) and subsequently running low on catheters in my final week. I was still able to pee at that point, but unable to completely empty, which left me needing the loo more often. In the end, I had to make do by rationing myself to one catheter a day (middle of the night) to leave me enough for the flight home.

Last year things had deteriorated to the point where I was less able to ‘go’. At the end of a week in Spain I had one catheter left for the journey back. I decided to use it before the one hour drive to the airport as I felt the need and I knew I had a few spares in the boot of my car in the car park back home.

Stuck in traffic on the ring road round Barcelona, a text came through from the airline to say our flight would be two hours late leaving. On the one hand, this was good news because we weren’t confident we were going to make it to the airport in time, but it was also bad news for me as I knew I’d need the loo again before take-off. To say I was ‘bursting’ all the way home is the understatement of the year. I don’t think I’ve ever been in so much bladder-related pain.

I recounted all my experiences to my sympathetic MS nurse who laid out the different options. These mostly consisted of different medications to either augment or replace the Solafenacin I was already on.

Of the options presented, there appeared to be only one thing that would do the trick, and a subsequent visit to the urology department sealed it: Botox injections it was.

The theory behind this is you get twenty or so injections into the bladder wall; this causes the relevant muscles to contract and then the bladder can take loads more in terms of volume. The only catch is if you were able to pee by yourself before, you definitely can’t now, so you’re completely reliant on self-catheterisation.  Not a problem for me, of course.

Eventually the day came for my injections. I turned up on time after dropping my youngest off at school and driving the ten miles to big-city hospital. My name was called just as my bum hit the waiting room seat, which at least spared me the torture of the piped local radio.

After a quick, less-than-gentle, wash of the relevant area by what was apparently a sponge on a stick, the procedure itself involved a rod being inserted into the bladder. There’s only one way to get it there folks, but as the rod’s no wider than a regular catheter there’s no real discomfort. It’s wide enough just to enable instruments such as a fibre-optic camera and needle to be passed through.

First, the bladder’s inflated with saline solution so the camera can have a proper look round to make sure everything’s healthy. I had a peek on the monitor above my head to satisfy myself and everything was pleasingly pink with little red veins spidering the walls. Then once the two doctors were happy, handling what appeared to be long thin joysticks, they got to work – one advanced the needle to the next injection spot and the other deployed the Botox.

The injections were as you might expect: they hurt in the same way that dentist’s injections hurt and some more so than others. For some reason – possibly because I have to inject medication everyday into relatively fleshy, relatively pain-free areas – this came as an unpleasant surprise. I was a bit too much of a wimp to watch the procedure on the monitor, opting to grit my teeth and stare at the ceiling instead. I’ll save the joy of that experience for another time, when I’m an old hand.

After about ten injections, they let me know they were halfway through, allowing me to have a breather for a second or two, and then they were off again: 21 injections in all.

And that was it. I was led away to dry myself and get dressed and then my pressing need was to find a loo to empty the saline they’d pumped in.

Apart from me, there were three others in the operating room: two doctors (one female) and a student observer. I didn’t mind, I’ve long since lost any inhibitions about exposing my nether regions to medical staff. I just found it a short, relatively brutal experience. It’s over in ten minutes flat.

I don’t know if it was because it was my first time, but I immediately felt the need to be by myself and ‘lick my wounds’ afterwards. Not easy in a big city hospital with a concourse filled by wheelchairs, visitors, charity stalls, staff waiting for lifts, and people in dressing gowns clutching cigarette packets making a bee line for the exit. I didn’t even feel like sending the promised text to my wife to say that it was all over. I just wanted to shrink into a quiet corner. Even the chocolate I’d promised myself as a reward for being brave tasted flat.

But, boy! What a difference . . . I go to the loo as often as a ‘normal’ person now, four to six times a day, and only once during the night, depending on how tired I am (I’ve even slept through a couple of times). One exceptionally busy day at work, I only realised I hadn’t been to the loo all day when I was halfway home – a total of eight hours. This is a far cry from the bad old days of yo-yoing to the gents and back. I can’t tell you how much this has improved my quality of life. It was totally worth the ten minutes of discomfort.

So how long does the Botox last? I’ve been told it could be anywhere between three and 12 months with most people averaging at six. It’s been four months for me, now, and it still seems to be going strong, so I’m very happy so far. There are no side-effects either – from the Botox or from the medication that I no longer take.

All the better for me to enjoy my forthcoming trip and one more aspect of MS that I won’t be taking with me.

The sting

Well, I’ve been taking Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate) for about a week now. I administered my first injection under the gaze of my wonderful MS nurse last Monday.

When I was on Rebif I didn’t really inject into my arm or leg, favouring the fattier parts of my anatomy. It has been my arse and my belly that have borne the brunt over the years, frankly, and as such, I am only now, months later, starting to lose the red patches below my navel.

Injecting with Copaxone however is a more serious prospect in terms of injection site reactions. You really do need to set up a rota of sites to pierce as sustained injecting into one area can cause the destruction of local tissue – quoting my newly copaxone-free friend: “You don’t really think about your ass till it’s kinda disappeared.”

It’s particularly important as my injections are now part of a daily regime rather than being a three-times-a-week occurence.

The thing they don’t tell you is how much it HURTS…

“Yeah, it’s like a bee sting,” smiled my nurse, breezily. “I thought I’d tell you AFTER you’d injected.”

Bloody hell!

I felt like my daughters might have felt after they’d walked a mile, on a promise, to the local ice cream factory and found the little hatch had shut early.

It took about an hour for me to be able to bend my arm again.

I asked my friend if the pain got better over time. “Maybe a little,” she lied.

To be fair, the arm is the worst. I can shrug off the pain in all the other areas, but with the arms, I can’t even shrug. It’s like those “dead-arms” we used to administer to each other as an endurance style contest at secondary school… bruised and pummelled limbs hanging weakly at our sides to the puzzlement of our teachers as we entered each lesson.

The plus side is that a daily injection is easier to remember than a Monday, Wednesday, Friday injection. Particularly if you have trouble remembering what day of the week it is or how old you are, like I do.

A tip I learnt off YouTube is to take one of those Sharpie pens and write the days of the week and the injection site on each of the packets. So it might say “Monday left bum,” “Tuesday left leg,” “Wednesday right leg” etc. I also now know a new spot on my legs as well (top rather than side) so that will break things up rather nicely.

Today is “Tuesday left arm” though, so not looking forward to that, particularly as yesterday it was “Monday right arm.” I’m gonna have to rethink my rota, I reckon.

Anyway, in six months time I will have built up enough Copaxone in my system for it to start properly working. It’s the best option for me right now. I’ll keep my ears to the ground with any new developments in disease modifying treatments, and I can always ditch and switch if anything better becomes available.

The Beta Interferon blues – update

After just two injections I can feel the familiar feelings returning. Aside from the flu-like side effects (achey joints), I have been waking up, not suicidal, but with little enthusiasm for life shall we say?

One phonecall to my MS nurse later and I can announce that Rebif and I are officially no longer an item.

A(nother) month of no drugs should clear my system and by that point I’ll have a meeting with my neurologist about possible alternatives.

Of course, one of those alternatives might be a lower dose of Rebif, because whatever I say about it, it has done its job by keeping relapses at bay.

But I’m going to celebrate tonight. I’m looking forward to being officially completely drug free for the first time in six years with all the benefits that brings.

The Beta Interferon blues.

I’m about to go back on Rebif after a four week trial period of coming off it.

It wouldn’t be the first time I’ve done this, I tend not to take it on holiday (just a hassle) or over Christmas (to give myself a break).

So, have I noticed any changes?

On the negative side, I’ve noticed some extra dizziness and tingling arms and hands. A couple of days ago I woke up with a partially numb right forearm extending into my little finger, which isn’t usual for me.

And that’s it!

Of course I realise that a prolonged period off the meds increases the chance of a relapse etc, so I’m going to start injecting again tonight to see what happens next.

On the positive side (and this is a big one) I’m happier.

Granted, I’ve been on holiday to Florida over the last four weeks which might explain my improved Disneyfied mood, but I haven’t had the usual back to work blues this time.

I can quantify the improved mood as well.

A couple of months before I came off Rebif, my GP asked how I was feeling and handed me a mood questionnaire. The same questionnaire is available on the NHS website. I scored pretty highly: 15 out of 20, I think, which puts me bubbling under ‘severely depressed.’

If I complete the questionnaire now, I score 3 or 4, and I get those for MS related things rather than anything mood related. I might get up a lot in the night, for instance, because of my bladder.

Because my mood has improved, I’ve been eating less and been more energetic. I’m also sleeping better. My wife jokes that she doesn’t know many people who can go on holiday to the States and lose ten pounds, but I did. Ten pounds!! In two weeks!

Among the listed side effects of beta interferon 1a (Rebif and Avonex) is suicidal thoughts and depression, so it will be interesting to see what happens when I resume the meds. I’ll be monitoring my mood score and contacting my MS nurse if my situation changes.

The medication choices have changed in the six years since I was diagnosed, so if the worst comes to the worst I’ll have some research to do.

Anyway, wish me luck. Time to get those syringes ready.